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Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) of North Khorasan Province, Northeastern Iran and the Zoogeographic Affinities of the Iranian and Middle Asian Mosquito Fauna

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Author(s): S. Azari-Hamidian | M.R. Abai | K. Arzamani | H. Bakhshi | H. Karami | H. Ladonni | R.E. Harbach

Journal: Journal of Entomology
ISSN 1812-5670

Volume: 8;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 204;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: malaria | ITS2 rDNA | dirofilariasis | arboviruses | Anopheles | setariasis

ABSTRACT
Anopheles claviger, An. maculipennis, An. superpictus, An. pulcherrimus, Culex hortensis, Cx. mimeticus*, Cx. modestus*, Cx. perexiguus*, Cx. pipiens*, Cx. theileri, Cx. tritaeniorhynchus, Culiseta longiareolata, Ochlerotatus caspius* and Uranotaenia unguiculata (asterisks indicate new occurrence records for the province) based on morphology and An. maculipennis based on the internal transcribed spacer 2 ribosomal DNA (ITS2 rDNA) sequence. The data show that 65% of the anopheline fauna of Middle Asia occurs in Iran, however at least 15 Anopheles taxa found in Iran are not recorded in Middle Asia. Only seven (28%) of the aedine mosquitoes recorded in Middle Asia are found in Iran and three species that occur in Iran are not found in Middle Asia. About 77% of the Middle Asian species of Culex occur in Iran whereas the Iranian fauna includes nine species that are not recorded in Middle Asia. The species of Coquillettidia, Culiseta and Uranotaenia that are found in Iran are also found in Middle Asia.]]>
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