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Mothers’ Participation in Improving Growth and Nutrition of the Children: a Model for Community Participation

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Author(s): B Shams | P Golshiri | AR Zamani | S Pourabdian

Journal: Iranian Journal of Public Health
ISSN 2251-6085

Volume: 37;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 24;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Community participation | Child | CIPP evaluation | Models | Health education | Knowledge | Practice | Empowerment

ABSTRACT
Background: Assessment of national children growth has shown that a high percent of Country&apos;s children are afflicted to growth failure. Community participation is one of the principles of PHC emphasized by WHO that is necessary for develop­ment of health services. The objective of this study was to develop a model for mother&apos;s participation in order to improving growth and nutrition of children. Methods: This community-based field trial was rendered on 74 pairs of mothers and children less than three years of age. A model was designed for increasing mother&apos;s participation, so that, a group of mother&apos;s volunteered and were instructed in the subjects of growth monitoring and child nutrition. The program was evaluated by CIPP Model (Context, Input, Product, Proc­ess). Results: Difference between the mean grade of mothers&apos; knowledge and practice, before and after intervention were mean­ing­ful (P< 0.001).This plan had considerable effects on the increase of individual and social capabilities of the partici­pants, including their self-confidence. Other findings were related to the evaluation of impact, effectiveness, sustainability and transportability of the program. Conclusion: By enhancement of mother&apos;s participation, considerable improvement of their knowledge and practice concern­ing growth and nutrition of children were achieved. Also individual and social capabilities of the mothers&apos; in­creased.

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