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MOVEMENT IN DEFENSE OF LA COCHA LAKE, PASTO, NARIÑO, COLOMBIA (1993-2001)

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Author(s): ARIEL EDMUNDO TARAZONA PEDRAZA

Journal: Revista Luna Azul
ISSN 1909-2474

Issue: 30;
Start page: 108;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Contemporary social movements | environmental movements in Colombia | social and environmental conflict | cultural politics | sociology of culture.

ABSTRACT
This environmental movement acts as a local resistance that originated in the last decade of the 20th century in Pasto (Nariño, Colombia) against the execution of the Guamés Multipurpose Project –GMP– that would cause great environmental impact on La Cocha lake.The GMP had been created by the partnership between the economic and the political regional societies that, based on developmentalist ideas, were planning to take water from the lake to be used for human consumption, soil irrigation and electricity production with commercial purposes.The civilians who founded the movement against the GMP had a different vision on how to protect the lake based on social and environmental theories. These two different points of view created an environmental conflict.This environmental movement generated a wide network between farm workers from the area, regional and international NGO’s, academic experts, universities and governmental institutions, obtaining a great deal of interest from the public opinion.Under the strong influence of this network the lake was declared as the Ramsar Wetland in 2000, and the former Department of the Environment denied the environmental license requested by the GMP.
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