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mRNA levels of TLR4 and TLR5 are independent of H pylori

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Author(s): Elvira Garza-González, Virgilio Bocanegra-García, Francisco Javier Bosques-Padilla, Juan Pablo Flores-Gutiérrez, Francisco Moreno, Guillermo Ignacio Perez-Perez

Journal: World Journal of Gastroenterology
ISSN 1007-9327

Volume: 14;
Issue: 34;
Start page: 5306;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: H pylori | Toll-like receptor 4 | Toll-like receptor 5 | AGS cells | mRNA

ABSTRACT
AIM: To determine if the presence H pylori or its virulence affect toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and TLR5 mRNA expression levels.METHODS: For the in vivo assays, gastric biopsies were obtained from 40 patients and H pylori status was determined. For the in vitro assays, human gastric adenocarcinoma mucosal cells (AGS) were cultured in the presence or absence of twelve selected H pylori strains. H pylori strains isolated from culture-positive patients and selected strains were genotyped for cagA and vacA. The cDNA was obtained from mRNA extracted from biopsies and from infected AGS cells. TLR4 and TLR5 mRNA levels were examined by real-time PCR.RESULTS: The presence of H pylori did not affect the mRNA levels of TLR4 or TLR5 in gastric biopsies. The mRNA levels of both receptors were not influenced by the vacA status (P > 0.05 for both receptors) and there were no differences in TLR4 or TLR5 mRNA levels among the different clinical presentations/histological findings (P > 0.05). In the in vitro assay, the mRNA levels of TLR4 or TLR5 in AGS cells were not influenced by the vacAs1 status or the clinical condition associated with the strains (P > 0.05 for both TLR4 and TLR5).CONCLUSION: The results of this study show that the mRNA levels of TLR4 and TLR5 in gastric cells, both in vivo and in vitro, are independent of H pylori colonization and suggest that vacA may not be a significant player in the first step of innate immune recognition mediated by TLR4 or TLR5.

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