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Mucoadhesive drug delivery systems

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Author(s): Shaikh Rahamatullah | Raj Singh Thakur | Garland Martin | Woolfson A | Donnelly Ryan

Journal: Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences
ISSN 0975-7406

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 89;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Mucoadhesion | mucoadhesive drug delivery systems | mucoadhesive materials

ABSTRACT
Mucoadhesion is commonly defined as the adhesion between two materials, at least one of which is a mucosal surface. Over the past few decades, mucosal drug delivery has received a great deal of attention. Mucoadhesive dosage forms may be designed to enable prolonged retention at the site of application, providing a controlled rate of drug release for improved therapeutic outcome. Application of dosage forms to mucosal surfaces may be of benefit to drug molecules not amenable to the oral route, such as those that undergo acid degradation or extensive first-pass metabolism. The mucoadhesive ability of a dosage form is dependent upon a variety of factors, including the nature of the mucosal tissue and the physicochemical properties of the polymeric formulation. This review article aims to provide an overview of the various aspects of mucoadhesion, mucoadhesive materials, factors affecting mucoadhesion, evaluating methods, and finally various mucoadhesive drug delivery systems (buccal, nasal, ocular, gastro, vaginal, and rectal).
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