Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

A multinodular goiter as the initial presentation of a renal cell carcinoma harbouring a novel VHL mutation

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): Bugalho Maria João | Mendonça Evelina | Costa Patrícia | Rosa Santos Jorge | Silva Eduardo | Catarino Ana Luísa | Sobrinho Luís

Journal: BMC Endocrine Disorders
ISSN 1472-6823

Volume: 6;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 6;
Date: 2006;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Secondary involvement of the thyroid gland is rare. Often the origin of the tumor is difficult to identify from the material obtained by fine-needle aspiration cytology. Renal cell carcinoma of the clear-cell type is one of the more common carcinomas to metastasize to the thyroid gland. Somatic mutations of the von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor gene are associated with the sporadic form of this tumor. We aimed to illustrate the potential utility of DNA based technologies to search for specific molecular markers in order to establish the anatomic site of origin. Case Presentation A 54-yr-old Caucasian male complaining of a rapidly increasing neck tumor was diagnosed as having a clear-cell tumor by fine-needle aspiration cytology. A positive staining for cytokeratin as well as for vimentin and CD10 in the absence of staining for thyroglobulin, calcitonin and TTF1 suggested a renal origin confirmed by computed tomography. Using frozen RNA, obtained from cells left inside the needle used for fine needle aspiration cytology, it was possible to identify a somatic mutation (680 delA) in the VHL gene. Conclusion In the presence of a clear-cell tumor of the thyroid gland, screening for somatic mutations in the VHL gene in material derived from thyroid aspirates might provide additional information to immunocytochemical studies and therefore plays a contributory role to establish the final diagnosis. Moreover, in a near future, this piece of information might be useful to define a targeted therapy.
Save time & money - Smart Internet Solutions     

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona