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A Multipath Routing Protocol Based on Clustering and Ant Colony Optimization for Wireless Sensor Networks

Author(s): Jing Yang | Wei Zhao | Mai Xu | Baoguo Xu

Journal: International Journal of Computer Network and Information Security
ISSN 2074-9090

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 49;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: wireless sensor networks (WSNs) | clustering | multipath | ant colony optimization (ACO)

For monitoring burst events in a kind of reactive wireless sensor networks (WSNs), a multipath routing protocol (MRP) based on dynamic clustering and ant colony optimization (ACO) is proposed.. Such an approach can maximize the network lifetime and reduce the energy consumption. An important attribute of WSNs is its limited power supply, and therefore in MRP, some metrics (such as energy consumption of communication among nodes, residual energy, path length) are considered as very important criteria while designing routing. Firstly, a cluster head (CH) is selected among nodes located in the event area according to some parameters, such as residual energy. Secondly, an improved ACO algorithm is applied in search for multiple paths between the CH and sink node. Finally, the CH dynamically chooses a route to transmit data with a probability that depends on many path metrics, such as energy consumption. The simulation results show that MRP can prolong the network lifetime, as well as balance energy consumption among nodes and reduce the average energy consumption effectively.
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