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Multivariate analysis of sensory characteristics of coffee grains (Coffea arabica L.) in the region of upper Paranaíba = Análise multivariada de características sensoriais de grãos de café de cultivares (Coffea arabica L.) na região do alto Paranaíba

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Author(s): Marcelo Cláudio Pereira | Sara Maria Chalfoun | Gladyston Rodrigues de Carvalho | Taciana Villela Savian

Journal: Acta Scientiarum : Agronomy
ISSN 1679-9275

Volume: 32;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 635;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Coffea arabica L. | quality | natural coffee | qualidade | café natural

ABSTRACT
This study aimed to examine the sensory characteristics of the grains of 21 cultivars of Coffea arabica L. and Coffea canephora Pierre from the essays of genetic improvement of EPAMIG, located in Patrocínio Municipality, Minas Gerais State, where they were collected through cloths stripping method and washed. Subsequently to dry (11 to 12% moisture b.u.), we obtained the coffee designated as “natural”. The evaluated varieties were: Acaiá Cerrado MG 1474; Bourbon Vermelho DATERRA; Catiguá MG 1; Catiguá MG 2; Catuaí Amarelo IAC 62; Catuaí Vermelho IAC 15; H 419-3-1-4-2; H 419- 6-2 -5-2; H 419-6-2-5-3; H 419-6-2-7-3 Vermelho; H 493-1-2-10; H 514-7-10-1 Vermelho; H 514-7-10-6; H 515-4-2-2; H 518-3-6-1; Icatú Amarelo IAC 3282; MundoNovo 379-19; Mundo Novo IAC 376-4; Rubi MG 1192; Sacramento MG 1 and Topázio MG 1190, from 2005/2006 and 2006/2007 seasons. The cultivars according to the first principal component with notes above 80 points, regarded as superior drink according to attributes with the highest scores (flavor, sweetness, balance, acidity, clean drink, andaspect) were: Catiguá MG2, Rubi MG 1192, 514-7-10-6 H, H 419-3-1-4-2, H 419-6-2-5-2, 493-1-2-10 H, H 514-7-10-1 Vermelho, Catiguá MG1, Sacramento MG1, 419-6-2-5-3 H, H 515-9-2-2 and Catuaí Amarelo IAC 62.O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar as características sensoriais dos grãos de 21 cultivares de (Coffea arabica L.) provenientes do ensaio de melhoramento genético da Epamig, Fazenda Experimental dePatrocínio, Estado de Minas Gerais. Posteriormente à secagem (11 a 12% de umidade b.u.), obteve-se o café designado como natural. Os frutos avaliados correspondiam às cultivares e progênies Acaiá Cerrado MG 1474; Bourbon Vermelho DATERRA; Catiguá MG 1; Catiguá MG 2; Catuaí Amarelo IAC 62; Catuaí Vermelho IAC 15; H 419-3-1-4-2; H 419-6-2-5-2; H 419-6-2-5-3; H 419-6-2-7-3 Vermelho; H 493-1-2-10; H 514-7-10-1 Vermelho; H 514-7-10-6; H 515-4-2-2; H 518-3-6-1; Icatu Amarelo IAC 3282; Mundo Novo 379-19; Mundo Novo IAC 376-4; Rubi MG 1192; Sacramento MG 1; Topázio MG 1190, das safras 2005/2006 e 2006/2007. As cultivares, em ordem decrescente segundo a primeira componente principal com notas acima de 80 pontos, portanto consideradas como de bebida superior de acordo com os atributos com os maiores escores (sabor, doçura, balanço, acidez, bebida limpa e aspecto), foram: Catiguá MG2, Rubi MG 1192, H 514-7-10-6, H 419-3-1-4-2, H 419-6-2-5-2, H 493-1-2-10, H 514-7-10-1 Vermelho, Catiguá MG1, Sacramento MG1, H 419-6-2-5-3, H 515-9-2-2 e Catuaí Amarelo IAC 62.
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