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Author(s): Parle Milind | Singh Kulwant

Journal: International Research Journal of Pharmacy
ISSN 2230-8407

Volume: 2;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 52;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Musk melon | cantaloupe | anti-inflammatory | diuretic.

Benjamin Franklin, America’s greatest citizen, a printer by trade, scientist and philosopher by fame said, “Women & Melons are difficult to understand”. Musk melon (Cucumis melo) is a beautiful, juicy, tasty fruit of the Cucurbitaceae family, which includes 825 species in 118-119 genera. This family contains all the edible gourds, such as cucumbers, watermelons, Musk melons, squash, and pumpkins. Musk melon is cultivated in all tropical and subtropical areas of the world for its nutritional and medicinal value. The fruit is commonly known as Kharbooja in Hindi and Musk melon or Cantaloupe in English. The phytoconstituents from various parts of the plant include β-carotenes, apocaretenoids, ascorbic acid, flavonoids, terpenoids, chromone derivatives, carbohydrates, amino acids, fatty acids, phospholipids, glycolipids, volatile components and various minerals. Cucumis melo has been shown to possess useful medicinal properties such as analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, free radical scavenging, anti-platelet, anti-ulcer, anti-cancer, anti-microbial, hepato-protective, diuretic, anti-diabetic, anthelmintic and anti-fertility activity. Thus, it is evident that Musk melon fruit possess a wide range of useful medicinal properties, which can be exploited clinically. The present review article covers comprehensively up-to-date information on the chemical constituents and medicinal profile of Musk melon.

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