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Nano Technology (A Microscopic Solution)

Author(s): Govind Singh Tanwar | Ganesh Singh | Ravi Saharan

Journal: International Journal of Computer Applications
ISSN 0975-8887

Volume: 1;
Issue: 27;
Start page: 9;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Molecular Modeling | TCL | CORBA | Cross - Bar Latch | Object Oriented Database of Nano Technology | Molecular Computer Aided Design Software.

The essence of nanotechnology is the abilityto work at the molecular level, atom byatom, to create large structures withfundamentally new molecular organization.Nanotechnology is concerned with materialsand systems whose structures andcomponents exhibit novel and significantlyimproved properties. These physical,chemical, and biological properties,processes and phenomena are novel due totheir nanoscale size in the range of about 10-9 to 10-7 m (1,000 times smaller than thediameter of human hair). The aim is toexploit these properties by gaining control ofstructures and devices at atomic, molecular,and supra-molecular levels and to learn toefficiently manufacture and use thesedevices. New behavior at the nanoscale isnot necessarily as predictable as observed atlarge size scales. The most importantchanges in behavior are caused not by theorder of magnitude size reduction, but bynewly observed phenomena intrinsic to thenanoscale, such as size confinement,predominance of interfacial phenomena andquantum mechanics.The objectives of this paper in NanoTechnology are the design, modeling, andfabrication of molecular machines,molecular devices and software issues todesign kind of devices and machine inMedical field those can help the mankind inproper understanding of diseases pathologyand its treatment. The design and modelingof molecular machines is, however, quitefeasible with present technology. More tothe point, such modeling is a cheap and easyway to explore the truly wide range ofmolecular machines that are possible,allowing the rapid evaluation andelimination of obvious dead ends and theretention and more intensive analysis ofmore promising designs. It is clear that theright computational support willsubstantially reduce the development time.With appropriate molecular computer aideddesign software, molecular modelingsoftware and related tools, we can plan thedevelopment of molecular manufacturingsystems on a computer. The current NanoDesign software architecture is a set of C++classes with a tcl front end for interactivemolecular gear design. We envision a futurearchitecture centered on an object orienteddatabase of molecular machine componentsand systems with distributed access viaCORBA from a user interface based on aWWW universal client to eventually enablea widely disbursed group to developcomplex simulated molecular machines.

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