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Nationwide Report on the Findings of Integrated School Health Screening Program in Iran

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Author(s): MA Amirkhani | SM Alavian | M Dashti | T Aminaie | G Ardalan | H Ziaoddini | P Mirmoghtadaee | P Poursafa | R Kelishadi

Journal: Iranian Journal of Public Health
ISSN 2251-6085

Volume: 39;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 13;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Child Adolescent Health | Primary Care | Public Health | School Health Services

ABSTRACT
"nBackground: Screening of students´ health problems could lead to timely prevention and control of many health disorders. This study aimed to determine the nationwide prevalence of common disorders through school health screening program in Iran"nMethods: This cross-sectional national screening program was conducted in 2007-2008 among first- and third-grade- stu­dents in primary schools, first- grade-students of middle and high schools of all provinces in Iran."nResults: Data were obtained from 3,124,021 (81.9%) students reported from the whole country classified into 33 geographi­cal zones. Of total students studied, 12.48% had weight abnormalities, 4.77% had visual disorders, 3.95 % had head lice, 2.24% had behavioral disorders, and 0.6% had hearing disorders. Among students studied, 0.4%, 0.7%, 0.4% and0.8% had endo­crine, psychological, neurological and genitourinary disorders, respectively. In addition, 2.1%, 1.9%, 1.8%, 0.8%0.5%, 0.3% and 0.3% of  students had ear, nose & pharynx disorder, anemia ,skin & hair , cardiac ,abdominal, vertebral and lung prob­lems, respectively. In elementary schools, 57.6% of first-grade- students with at least one disorder were managed in outpa­tient settings and 6% of them were hospitalized for more investigation. Among third- grade- students of elementary schools, these values corresponded to 13.2% and 1.1%, respectively. Among first grade students of middle and high schools, this prevalence was 58.5% and 44.6% and 1.2% and 0.3% of students were hospitalized for more investigation."nConclusion: This integrated school screening program revealed a considerably high prevalence of health disorders among school students. These results might help health policy makers to design future health promoting programs.
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