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Neospora caninum infection in beef cattle reared under grazing conditions in north-central Mexico

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Author(s): Karina Mondragón-Zavala | Carlos Cruz-Vázquez | Leticia Medina-Esparza | Miguel Ramos-Parra | Zeferino García-Vázquez

Journal: Revista Mvz Cordoba
ISSN 0122-0268

Volume: 16;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 2484;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Bovines | DNA | prevalence | seroprevalence | PCR

ABSTRACT
Objetive. To determine the seroprevalence of N. caninum antibodies and prevalence of parasite DNA in blood, and estimate the association between seroprevalence and the potential risk of some factors in beef cattle under grazing conditions in north-central Mexico. Materials and methods. Blood samples from 139 cows and only 10 bulls belonging to 13 farms were collected and evaluated by ELISA test to detect antibodies against N. caninum. Furthermore, to determine the presence of parasite DNA, nested PCR probe was performed on blood samples. Association between potential risk factors and seroprevalence was estimated. Results. Overall seroprevalence was 23% (35/149 samples), while the prevalence of parasite DNA in blood was 28% (42/149 samples). Of the 149 animals examined 28 (19%) were positive to both tests (25 cows and 3 bulls). Concordance between tests was k = 0.63. All herds had seropositive animals with positive parasite DNA detection in blood. The only risk factor identified was the presence of dogs (OR= 2.65). Conclusions. This study showed that bovine neospososis should be considered as an important infectious disease in north-central Mexico herds. Therefore, an epidemiological control should be taken into consideration to avoid the negative effect of this disease on mexican beef industry.
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