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Neuroarthropathy of the hip following spinal cord injury

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Author(s): Banskota Bibek | Bijukachhe Binod | Kazi ShresthaBabu | Banskota Ashok

Journal: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
ISSN 0019-5413

Volume: 45;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 87;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Charcot′s hip | neuroarthropathy | spinal cord injury

ABSTRACT
We present the case of a 33-year-old male who sustained a burst fracture D12 vertebrae with spinal cord injury (ASIA impairment scale A) and a right mid-diaphysial femoral shaft fracture around 1.5 years back. The patient reported 1.5 years later with a swelling over the right buttock. Arthrotomy revealed serous fluid and fragmented bone debris. The biopsy showed a normal bony architecture with no evidence of infection and malignant cells. Hence, a diagnosis of Charcot′s hip was made. Charcot′s neuroarthropathy of the feet is a well-recognized entity in the setting of insensate feet resulting from causes such as diabetes or spina bifida. Although Charcot′s disease of the hips has been described, it is uncommon in association with spinal cord injury, syphilis and even with the use of epidural injection. The present case highlights the fact that neuroarthropathy of the hip can occur in isolation in the setting of a spinal cord injury, and this can lead to considerable morbidity.
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