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Neuropsychiatric manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus: Iranian experience

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Author(s): Haghighi Afshin | Haza Shahab

Journal: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology
ISSN 0972-2327

Volume: 13;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 108;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Classification | neurological | systemic lupus erythematosus

ABSTRACT
Aims: To evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of different neurological and psychiatric presentations in patients admitted to hospital with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Materials and Methods: In this retrospective hospital-based study, we examined the medical records of patients with SLE who were referred to the hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences from 1995 to 2005. All patients of SLE who had clinical neurological or psychiatric features were included in this study. The patients′ demographic data, findings on general examination, neuropsychiatric manifestations, and the results of laboratory investigations and imaging studies were recorded. Clinical manifestations were classified according to the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) case definitions. Results: Of the 407 study patients, 11.3% had neuropsychiatric complications. The most frequent findings were seizure (63%), headache (60%), and decreased level of consciousness (50%). Cerebrovascular disease (28.3%), seizure disorder (26.5%), and acute confusional state (19.6%) were the most prevalent syndromes. Conclusion: The prevalence and nature of different neurological presentations of SLE in Iranian patients has some similarities to that seen in other populations, as well as some differences. Ethnic and environmental factors may contribute to these differences.

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