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A new approach in association study of single nucleotide polymorphism of genes for carcass and meat quality traits in commercial pigs

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Author(s): Bruno Stefanon | Romina Floris | Silvia Braglia | Roberta Davoli | Luca Fontanesi | Stefania Dall’Olio | Giorgio Graziosi | Piero Susmel | Vincenzo Russo

Journal: Italian Journal of Animal Science
ISSN 1594-4077

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 177;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Meat quality | Carcass composition | Gene polymorphisms | San Daniele ham | Pigs

ABSTRACT
Six batches of four commercial hybrids of heavy pigs, reared for the production of Italian dry-cured hams, were identifiedfor having homogeneous feeding and farm conditions. For a total of 235 pigs, slaughtered in the same slaughterhouse,carcass traits and muscle composition were measured. The pigs were genotyped for single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs) of Na+, K+-ATPase subunit alpha 2 (ATPase, Na+/K+ transporting, alpha 2 (+) polypeptide; ATP1A2), cystatinB (CSTB), mitochondrial 2,4-dienoyl-CoA reductase 1 (DECR1), leptin (LEP; 3 SNPs), melanocortin receptor 4(MC4R), melanocortin receptor 5 (MC5R), sarcolipin (SLN) and titin (TTN) genes. All genes showed biallelic polymorphismsand the alleles were differently distributed between the six batches. Pigs were subsequentely clustered in “lean”and “fat” using either carcass traits (lean percentage, backfat thickness, loin muscle thickness, ham weight and hamcover fat thickness: 100 lean and 135 fat) or meat composition data (dry matter, protein, fat and ash of Biceps femorisand Vastus lateralis and pH after 24 hours: 126 lean and 109 fat). The association of gene polymorphisms with leanessand fatness of pigs was thus investigated using a logistic regression. ATP1A2, LEP (HinfI polymorphism) and MC4R,together with sex and ham weight were, included in the model to screen lean and fat pigs classified according to carcasstraits data, yielding a correct classification of 71%. For the lean and fat pigs classified according to muscle composition,sex, CSTB, DECR1, MC5R and LEP (AciI/TaqI polymorphisms) were included in the regression analysis, that yielded a66% of pigs correctly classified.These preliminary results may indicate that some of the selected candidate genes could be associated to production traitsand are worth of further investigations.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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