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New data for Cesium from soil in Cluj-Napoca town after Cernobyl accident

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Author(s): Dan C. Niţă | Constantin Cosma | Robert C. Begy

Journal: Advances in Environmental Sciences
ISSN 2066-7620

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 229;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Caesium | Cesium | Chernobyl | gamma spectrometry | soil profile

ABSTRACT
Cesium 137 deposits are due to serious nuclear disaster (such as Chernobyl) and nuclearweapons tests. Due to the wide range of uses in environmental studies is important to know thatradionuclide concentrations in environment. Soil samples were measured, in which 137 Cs activitiesvaries between 4.3 and 114.3 Bq / kg. The highest concentrations were found in the top layers of thesoil. From the soil depth profiles it can be observed the 137 Cs migration. Horizontal and verticalmigration depends mainly on water runoff and the concentration of radionuclides, hydrological regimeand the type of soil. It is important to know the amount of radionuclides in the soil because there arealready developed models which describe the radionuclides migration in different environments. One ofthe most studied radionuclide Cs-137 is due to its abundance and relatively long half-life. If theconcentration of the radionuclides exceeds a certain value, it might be a threat to human health.
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