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New method for analysis of nonstationary signals

Author(s): Stepien Robert

Journal: Nonlinear Biomedical Physics
ISSN 1753-4631

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 3;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Abstract Background Analysis of signals by means of symbolic methods consists in calculating a measure of signal complexity, for example informational entropy or Lempel-Ziv algorithmic complexity. For construction of these entropic measures one uses distributions of symbols representing the analyzed signal. Results We introduce a new signal characteristic named sequential spectrum that is suitable for analysis of the wide group of signals, including biosignals. The paper contains a brief review of analyses of artificial signals showing features similar to those of biosignals. An example of using sequential spectrum for analyzing EEG signals registered during different stages of sleep is also presented. Conclusions Sequential spectrum is an effective tool for general description of nonstationary signals and it its advantage over Fourier spectrum. Sequential spectrum enables assessment of pathological changes in EEG-signals recorded in persons with epilepsy.
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