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New methods of controlled monolayer-to-multilayer deposition of Pt for designing electrocatalysts at an atomic level

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Author(s): S. R. BRANKOVIC | J. X. WANG | R. R. ADZIC

Journal: Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society
ISSN 0352-5139

Volume: 66;
Issue: 11-12;
Start page: 887;
Date: 2001;
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Keywords: electrocatalysis | H2 electrooxidation | Pt | Ru | catalytic poisons

ABSTRACT
Two new methods for monolayer-to-multileyer Pt deposition are presented. One involves Pt deposition by the replacement of an UPD metal monolayer on an electrode surface and the other the spontaneous deposition of Pt on Ru. The first method, exemplified by the replacement of a Cu monolayer on a Au(111) surface, occurs as a spontaneous irreversible redox reaction in which the Cu monolayer is oxidized by Pt cations, which are reduced and simultaneously deposited. The second method is illustrated by the deposition of Pt on a Ru(0001) surface and on carbon-supported Ru nanoparticles. This deposition takes place upon immersion of a UHV-prepared Ru(0001) crystal or Ru nanoparticles, reduced in H2, in a solution containing PtCl62- ions. The oxidation of Ru to RuOH by a local cell mechanism appears to be coupled with Pt deposition. This method facilitates the design of active Pt-Ru catalysts with ultimately low Pt loadings. Only a quarter of a monolayer of Pt on Ru nanoparticles yields an electrocatalyst with higher activity and CO tolerance for H2/CO oxidation than commercial Pt-Ru alloy electrocatalysts with considerably higher Pt loadings.

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