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New technical solutions of using rolling stock electrodynamical braking

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Author(s): Lionginas LIUDVINAVIČIUS | Leonas Povilas LINGAITIS

Journal: Transport Problems : an International Scientific Journal
ISSN 1896-0596

Volume: 4;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 23;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: traction motor | generator mode | braking force | semiconductor devices

ABSTRACT
The paper considers some theoretical and practical problems associated with the use of traction motor are operating in the generator mode (in braking). Mathematical and graphical relationships of electrodynamic braking, taking into account the requirements raised to braking systems in rail transport are presented. The latter include discontinuity of braking process, braking force regulation, depending on the locomotive speed, mass, type of railway and other parameters. Schematic diagrams of the locomotive braking and ways of controlling the braking force by varying electric circuit parameters are presented. The authors suggested contact-free regulation method of braking resistor for controlling braking force in rheostatic braking, and resistor parameters regulate with pulse regulation mode by semiconductor devices, such as new electrical components for rolling stock – IGBT transistors operating in the key mode. Presenting energy savings power systems, which are using regenerative braking-returning energy and diesel engine or any form of hybrid traction vehicles systems, circuit diagrams, electrical parameters curves.
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