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Non Invasive Mechanical Ventilation

Author(s): Dr U. D. Sharma

Journal: Indian Anaesthetists' Forum
ISSN 0973-0311

Volume: 5;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1234;
Date: 2004;
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Keywords: COPD | NIV

Negative pressure ventilators (Tank and Cuirass ventilators) were the only non-invasive methods of assisting ventilation for many years mainly for ventilating large number of victims of Polio during their acute illness. In 1980s it was recognized that delivery of continuous positive airway pressure by close fitting nasal masks for treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea could also be used to deliver an intermittent positive pressure. This was followed by improvements in the interface and establishment of role of NIMV in patients of COPD. The use of NIMV has increased in last decade in various conditions to avoid complications of intubation.
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