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A Novel wave-form command shaper for overhead cranes

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Author(s): KHALED ALHAZZA | ZIYAD MASOUD

Journal: Journal of Engineering Research
ISSN 2307-1877

Volume: 1;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 181;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Command shaping | overhead cranes | wave-form shaper | modulated wave-form shaper

ABSTRACT
In this work, a novel command shaping control strategy for oscillation reduction of simple harmonic oscillators is proposed, and validated experimentally. A wave-form acceleration command shaper is derived analytically. The performance of the proposed shaper is simulated numerically, and validated experimentally on a scaled model of an overhead crane. Amplitude modulation is used to enhance the shaper performance, which results in a modulated wave-form command shaper. It is determined that the proposed wave-form and modulated wave-form command shaper profiles are capable of eliminating travel and residual oscillations. Furthermore, unlike traditional impulse and step command shapers, the proposed command shaper has piecewise smoother acceleration, velocity, and displacement profiles. Experimental results using continuous and discrete commands are presented. Experiments with discrete commands involved embedding a saturation model-based feedback in the algorithm of the command shaper.
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