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Nursing Education in Higher Education in Turkey

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Author(s): Şule ERGÖL

Journal: Yükseköğretim ve Bilim Dergisi
ISSN 2146-5959

Volume: 1;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 152;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Higher education | Nursing education | Turkey

ABSTRACT
Nursing emerged with the request of developing and maintaining public health and provide care when they are ill. In our country, firstly, Besim Omer Pasha invited daughters of prominent families in Istanbul to “Voluntary Nursing Course”. The first Nursing School was established under the auspices of Red Crescent Society in 1925. The Ministry of Health begun to establish Vocational Schools of Health in 1960. The beginning of nursing education in higher education was not a result of necessity, rather an influence of international organizations. The first nursing education in Higher Education began at the University of the Aegean in 1955. By 2011, “Nursing Undergraduate Programs” have taken place in a total of 96 units including School of Nursing (8), School of Health (63), School of Health Sciences (3), Nursing Department in Faculty of Health Sciences (21), and Faculty of Nursing (1). Undergraduate programs in nursing cover at least a four-year period and include 4600 hours of theoretical and practical education. Master's degree and PhD programs in nursing began, respectively, in 1968 and in 1972 at the University of Hacettepe. Master's degree programs have thesis and non-thesis programs. Master's degree programs with thesis should be completed within four semesters. Time to complete non-thesis programs is six semesters at most. The majority of Master's degree programs in nursing have thesis programs. PhD programs for students with Master's degree consist of at least seven courses (not less than 21 credits), a qualifying examination, thesis proposal and thesis. Nursing education in Higher Education in our country has made considerable progress since 1955. Turkey is one of the five European countries providing basic nursing education at university level. This article discusses the historic development and current status of nursing education in Higher Education in Turkey.
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