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Nursing staff under heavy stress: focus on Greece A critical review

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Author(s): Antigoni Fountouki | Ourania Pediaditaki | Dimitrios Theofanidis

Journal: International Journal of Caring Sciences
ISSN 1791-5201

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 11;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: occupational stress | workplace stress | nursing | stress management | anxiety | shift work

ABSTRACT
Background: Current global financial constrains place a burden on the development of health care services worldwide. Although nurses are the backbone of any health establishment, they seem are under constant occupational stress which varies from country to country.Aim: This paper aims to present and analyze critically the key stress factors on contemporary nursing.Method: A strategically planned four-step literature review was used focusing on identifying key stress factors in selected papers.Results: The refining process identified 26 key references which were analyzed and tabulated. These revealed areas of concern such as: insufficient work recourses, poor communication with superiors, dissatisfaction with psychosocial work environment, lowering levels of education achieved and pay, split-shifts and prolonged night shifts, high demanding tasks, verbal abuse, mobbing and antagonistic attitudes in work place and poor organization at work.Conclusions: A number of intervention strategies to avoid excess stress are presented which include: improved education of the workforce and awareness building; assessment-focused interventions; therapeutic counseling; skill-building and reorganizing the work environment.
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