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Nutritional and Chemical Composition and Antiviral Activity of Cultivated Seaweed Sargassum naozhouense Tseng et Lu 

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Author(s): Yan Peng | Enyi Xie | Kai Zheng | Mangaladoss Fredimoses | Xianwen Yang | Xuefeng Zhou | Yifei Wang | Bin Yang | Xiuping Lin | Juan Liu | Yonghong Liu

Journal: Marine Drugs
ISSN 1660-3397

Volume: 11;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 20;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Sargassum naozhouense | seaweed | chemical composition | antiviral activity

ABSTRACT
Sargassum naozhouense is a brown seaweed used in folk medicine and applied for thousands of years in Zhanjiang, Guangdong province, China. This study is the first time to investigate its chemical composition and antiviral activity. On the dry weight basis, this seaweed was constituted of ca. 35.18% ash, 11.20% protein, 1.06% lipid and 47.73% total carbohydrate, and the main carbohydrate was water-soluble polysaccharide. The protein analysis indicated the presence of essential amino acids, which accounted for 36.35% of the protein. The most abundant fatty acids were C14:0, C16:0, C18:1 and C20:4. The ash fraction analysis indicated that essential minerals and trace elements, such as Fe, Zn and Cu, were present in the seaweed. IR analysis revealed that polysaccharides from cultivated S. naozhouense may be alginates and fucoidan. The polysaccharides possessed strong antiviral activity against HSV-1 in vitro with EC50 of 8.92 μg/mL. These results demonstrated cultivated S. naozhouense has a potential for its use in functional foods and antiviral new drugs.
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