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The nutritional status of a group of pregnant women and its relationship with socioeconomic and dietary intake indicators. Antioquia, Colombia

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Author(s): Lorena P. Mancilla L | Sandra L. Restrepo M | Alejandro Estrada R | Luz M. Manjarrés C | Beatriz E. Parra S

Journal: Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública
ISSN 0120-386X

Volume: 29;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 232;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: gestation | nutritional status | socioeconomic variables | dietary habits

ABSTRACT
Objective: to link the BMI of subjects in the last three-month period of pregnancy with socioeconomic variables and dietary intake. Methods: a longitudinal, prospective and descriptive study with a follow up on the cohort before and after the dietary and nutritional intervention. The group was a sample of 80 volunteers. In the first three-month period of their pregnancy,a socioeconomic survey was carried out. During each threemonth period, a 24-hour dietary recall was applied; their BMI was evaluated, and the arm circumference of each volunteer was measured. Results: of the 42 mothers who achieved a weight gain correspondent to their pre-gestational BMI, 31 had an adequate BMI at the end of the pregnancy period. Age appeared to be significantly related to nutritional status; and the increase of energy and carbohydrate intake in the third three- month period was significant in both deficient mothers and in those with an adequate body weight. Conclusion: statistical association was found between age and BMI at the end of the pregnancy period. As for the first three-month period, pregnant women with low and appropriate BMI had their energy and carbohydrates intake increased.
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