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Nutritive support in short Bowel syndrome (sbs)

Author(s): Simić Dušica | Đurišić Nebojša

Journal: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
ISSN 0370-8179

Volume: 131;
Issue: 1-2;
Start page: 77;
Date: 2003;
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Keywords: short bowel syndrome | parenteral nutrition | nephrolithiasis | cholelithiasis | rehydration solutions

Short bowel syndrome most commonly result after bowel resection for necrosis of the bowel. It may be caused by arterial or venous thrombosis, volvolus and in children, necrotizing enterocolitis. The other causes are Crohn,s disease intestinal atresia. The factors influencing the risk on short bowel syndrome are the remaining length of the small bowel, the age of onset, the length of the colon, the presence or absence of the ileo-coecal valve and the time after resection. Besides nutritional deficiencies there some other consequences of extensive resections of the small intestine (gastric acid hypersecretion, d-lactic acidosis, nephrolithiasis, cholelithiasis), which must be diagnosed, treated, and if possible, prevented. With current therapy most patients with short bowel have normal body mass index and good quality of life.
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