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Obsessive-compulsive Disorder: Is it Common in Multiple Sclerosis?

Author(s): Amir Shabani | Somaieh Nikravesh | Leili Panaghi

Journal: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology
ISSN 1735-4315

Volume: 12;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 209;
Date: 2006;
Original page

Keywords: Key words: multiple sclerosis | obsessive-compulsive disorder | depression | Y-BOCS

  Abstract   Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify the frequency of the symptoms of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).   Method: Forty patients (18 males and 22 females) were evaluated via clinician-administered Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y- BOCS) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD). The cutoff points of these scales were used as diagnostic criteria for OCD and depressive disorder. T-test, Fisher's exact test and chi-square were used to analyze data.   Results: 17.5% of patients had OCD and 69.2% had depressive dis- order. In all cases of OCD, the patients described the onset of symptoms to have begun before the clinical presentations of MS. Educational level of OCD cases was significantly higher than the non-OCD group (p

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