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Obstructive apneas induce early activation of mesenchymal stem cells and enhancement of endothelial wound healing

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Author(s): Carreras Alba | Rojas Mauricio | Tsapikouni Theodora | Montserrat Josep | Navajas Daniel | Farré Ramon

Journal: Respiratory Research
ISSN 1465-9921

Volume: 11;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 91;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background The aim was to test the hypothesis that the blood serum of rats subjected to recurrent airway obstructions mimicking obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) induces early activation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and enhancement of endothelial wound healing. Methods We studied 30 control rats and 30 rats subjected to recurrent obstructive apneas (60 per hour, lasting 15 s each, for 5 h). The migration induced in MSC by apneic serum was measured by transwell assays. MSC-endothelial adhesion induced by apneic serum was assessed by incubating fluorescent-labelled MSC on monolayers of cultured endothelial cells from rat aorta. A wound healing assay was used to investigate the effect of apneic serum on endothelial repair. Results Apneic serum showed significant increase in chemotaxis in MSC when compared with control serum: the normalized chemotaxis indices were 2.20 ± 0.58 (m ± SE) and 1.00 ± 0.26, respectively (p < 0.05). MSC adhesion to endothelial cells was greater (1.75 ± 0.14 -fold; p < 0.01) in apneic serum than in control serum. When compared with control serum, apneic serum significantly increased endothelial wound healing (2.01 ± 0.24 -fold; p < 0.05). Conclusions The early increases induced by recurrent obstructive apneas in MSC migration, adhesion and endothelial repair suggest that these mechanisms play a role in the physiological response to the challenges associated to OSA.
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