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Occupational Exposure to Carbon Monoxide of Taxi Drivers in Tehran, Iran

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Author(s): Mohammad Javad Golhosseini | Hossein Kakooei | Seyed Jamaleddin Shahtaheri | Kamal Azam | Davood Panahi

Journal: International Journal of Occupational Hygiene
ISSN 2008-5109

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 56;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Taxi Drivers | Exposure | CO | Iran

ABSTRACT
Occupational exposure to carbon monoxide (CO) of taxi drivers has seldom been evaluated in Iran. Accordingly, in-vehicle CO levels were evaluated during 6 months inside the taxis between May 2009 and October 2010. The CO concentrations of 36 personal samples were collected using a direct reading instrument equipped with electrochemical sensor. The arithmetic mean of the personal monitoring CO levels was 19.84 ± 4.24 ppm per day, with a range of 13.29-33.46 ppm. The observed concentrations of CO fell well lower than occupational standards. Exposures to CO during traffic flow in the evening were considerably higher than those measured in the morning. The weekdays, months and atmospheric environment had a significant effect on exposure to CO (p< 0.0001). The average CO level was 19.84 ± 4.24 ppm, which was higher than the outdoor CO levels (3.21 ppm). In conclusion, the penetration of outdoor CO pollution and engine combustion/exhaust infiltration constituted the main sources of the taxis drivers' personal exposure to CO.
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Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona