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Occurrence, Pathogenicity and Distribution of Fusarium spp. in Stored Wheat Seeds Kermanshah Province, Iran

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Author(s): K. Chehri | B. Salleh | T. Yli-Mattila | M.J. Soleimani | A.R. Yousefi

Journal: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences
ISSN 1028-8880

Volume: 13;
Issue: 24;
Start page: 1178;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Iran | pathogenicity | Fusarium nelsonii | Fusarium spp. | Wheat

ABSTRACT
Fusarium is one of the most important pathogenic and toxigenic fungi widely distributed all over the world, including Iran. Fusarium species are found frequently in stored agriculture products especially wheat. The objective of this study was to identify Fusarium species associated with stored wheat seeds and their pathogenicity on root and head of wheat in Kermanshah, the leading province in wheat production in Iran. In this survey 75 seed samples of stored wheat were collected from 10 different regions during 2006-2008 and tested for the presence of Fusarium. Fusarium spp. were found in 51 (68 %) of 75 samples. A total of 580 Fusarium strains were isolated, identified and preserved. All these strains belong to 20 Fusarium spp. according to morphological characters. Each conidial suspension of selected strains representing all species was evaluated for their pathogenicity on roots and spikes of healthy wheat var. Fallat in the greenhouse. F. graminearum, F. crookwellense, F. trichothecioides, F. culmorum and F. verticillioides were the most pathogenic to wheat’s head. Foot rot assessment revealed that F. pseudograminearum and F. culmorum were the most damaging species. Of the Fusarium isolates, F. graminearum was the most prevalent followed by F. verticillioides and F. proliferatum. This is the first comprehensive report on identity and distribution of Fusarium spp. from stored wheat seeds in Iran while F. nelsonii was reported for the first time from wheat seeds in Iran.

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