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Ocena pamięci autobiograficznej u pacjentki deklarującej jej całkowitą utratę – opis przypadku

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Author(s): Anna Lewandowska | Lucyna Raczkowiak | Daria Dembińska | Janusz Rybakowski

Journal: Neuropsychiatria i Neuropsychologia
ISSN 1896-6764

Volume: 4;
Issue: 3-4;
Start page: 150;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: autobiographical memory | retrograde amnesia | brain stroke | suppression mechanism | personality defense mechanisms

ABSTRACT
In the paper, a 45-year old female patient declaringthe total loss of autobiographic memory following brainstroke in 2003 has been described. Memory disturbancesare characteristic of retrograde amnesia: they comprisetotal life period before 2003, and the memory of eventsoccurring after 2003 has been retained. Psychologicaltests and experiments revealed a deficit ofautobiographical memory, however, not the total one.The number of correct answers of patient for visual andverbal material was higher when concerning the periodafter 2003, however, her answers to questions for eventsbefore 2003 were also better than random. She showeddisposition to valuing her personal events occurring after2003 only in a positive way. Also, the effectof personality factors on presented symptoms wasobserved. The results of the study indicate that differentfactors may contribute to the memory disturbances inthis patient, such as organic factors – brain stroke,cognitive factors – suppression mechanism withintentional element, and defense mechanismsof personality (denial and dissociation).

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