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Omentoplasty and Thoracoplasty for treating postpneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula in a patient previously submitted to aortic prosthesis implantation

Author(s): Nosotti Mario | Cioffi Ugo | De Simone Matilde | Mendogni Paolo | Palleschi Alessandro | Rosso Lorenzo | Ciulla Michele | Santambrogio Luigi

Journal: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
ISSN 1749-8090

Volume: 4;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 38;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Abstract Bronchopleural fistula following pneumonectomy is a serious and frightening complication in chest surgery with a high mortality rate. The possibility of curing this complication using a conservative treatment is extremely poor. Below we describe a case of a patient affected by left pleural empyema due to a postpneumonectomy bronchopleural fistula. The patient had previously undergone an aortic prosthesis implantation. He was successfully treated using omental pedicle in order to cover the bronchial stump, to fill the pleural space and to protect the aortic prosthesis. He also underwent thoracoplasty to collapse the residual pleural space. The postoperative course was uneventful. During the follow-up, after thirty months, the patient was asymptomatic, and no recurrence of the fistula was present.
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