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On the Complexity of Electrostatic Suspension Stabilization of Functionalized Silica Nanoparticles for Biotargeting and Imaging Applications

Author(s): Lotta Bergman | Jessica Rosenholm | Anna-Brita Öst | Alain Duchanoy | Pasi Kankaanpää | Jyrki Heino | Mika Lindén

Journal: Journal of Nanomaterials
ISSN 1687-4110

Volume: 2008;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Different means of attaching streptavidin to surface functionalized silica particles with a diameter of 240 nm were investigated with special focus on suspension stability for electrostatically stabilized suspensions. The influence of two different fluorescent dyes covalently linked to the streptavidin on suspension stability was also studied. The results clearly show that the stability of the suspensions is crucially dependent on all functional groups present on the surface. The surface functions may either directly affect the effective surface charge if the functions contain charged groups, or indirectly by affecting the relative concentration of charged groups on the particle surface. Poly(ethylene imine)-functionalized silica particles, where the polymer is grown by surface hyperbranching polymerization, are shown to be promising candidates for bioapplications, as the zeta-potential can remain strongly positive even under biologically relevant conditions.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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