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On the Electrooxidation and Amperometric Detection of NO Gas at the Pt/Nafion® Electrode

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Author(s): Kuo-Chuan Ho | Wen-Tung Hung | Jin-Cherng Yang

Journal: Sensors
ISSN 1424-8220

Volume: 3;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 290;
Date: 2003;
Original page

Keywords: Amperometric sensor | Interference gas | Nitric oxide (NO) | Pt/Nafionâ electrode | Sensitivity

ABSTRACT
The electrochemical oxidation of nitric oxide (NO) gas at the Pt/Nafion® electrode has been studied at a concentration of 500 ppm. The electrooxidation of NO taking place over a wide potential range can be described by a transcendental equation, from which the half-wave potential of the reaction can be determined. For NO oxidation with appreciable overpotentials but negligible mass-transfer effects, the Tafel kinetics applies. The obtained charge transfer coefficient (a) and the exchange current density (io) are 0.77 and 14 mA/cm2, respectively. An amperometric NO gas sensor based on the Pt/Nafion® electrode has been fabricated and tested over the NO concentration range from 0 to 500 ppm. The Pt/Nafion® electrode was used as an anode at a fixed potential, preferably 1.15 V (vs. Ag/AgCl/sat. KCl), which assures current limitation by diffusion only. The sensitivity of the electrochemical sensor was found to be 1.86 mA/ppm/cm2. The potential interference by other gases, such as nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and carbon monoxide (CO), was also studied in the range 0-500 ppm. Both sensitivity for NO and selectivity of NO over NO2/CO show significant enhancement upon using a cyclic voltammetric (CV) activation, or cleaning procedure.

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