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One-Dimensional Coordination Polymers of Lanthanide Cations to Cucurbit[7]uril Built Using a Range of Tetrachloride Transition-Metal Dianion Structure Inducers

Author(s): Li-Li Liang | Yi Zhao | Kai Chen | Xin Xiao | Jack K. Clegg | Yun-Qian Zhang | Zhu Tao | Sai-Feng Xue | Qian-Jiang Zhu | Gang Wei

Journal: Polymers
ISSN 2073-4360

Volume: 5;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 418;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: cucurbit[7]uril | lanthanide cation | inorganic inducers | 1D coordination polymers

A number of linear coordination polymers have been assembled from lanthanide cations (Ln3+) and cucurbit[7]uril (Q[7]) in the presence of [CuCl4]2−or [CoCl4]2− anions acting as inorganic structure inducers in HCl solution. X-ray diffraction analysis has revealed that they form three groups of isomorphous structures. Generally, the complexes of Q[7] with light lanthanide cations (those with atomic number below that of neodymium (Nd3+)) are in one group. The other two groups, in which the lanthanide cation has atomic number greater than that of europium (Eu3+), seem to follow no obvious rule. For example, the complexes of Q[7] with Eu3+ and Gd3+cations are in the second group in the presence of [CuCl4]2− anions, while they are in the third group in the presence of [CoCl4]2− anions. However, whatever group a given complex belongs to, they all show a common honeycomb-patterned supramolecular assembly, in which [CuCl4]2−or [CoCl4]2− anions form a honeycomb structure. The Ln3+ cations then coordinate to neighboring Q[7] molecules to form 1D coordination polymers that are inserted into the channels of the honeycomb framework, such that each individual coordination polymer is surrounded by [CuCl4]2−or [CoCl4]2− anions.
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