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Online Banking and the Risks Involved

Author(s): Olufolabi Osunmuyiwa

Journal: Research Journal of Information Technology
ISSN 2041-3106

Volume: 5;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 50;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Online banking | risk

This study aims to expand on the various aspects of online banking risks and the risk management methods employed in mitigating these risks. Ongoing hi-tech improvement and rivalry between available banking organizations and latest participants have permitted for a much extensive range of banking products and services to grow to be available and distributed to retail and wholesale clients via an electronic allocation channel jointly referred to as online banking. Nevertheless, the swift improvement of online banking potentials holds threats as well as opportunities and strengths. This study will expand more on various aspects of online banking risks such as strategic risk, transaction risk, compliance risk, reputation risk, information security risk, credit risk, interest rate risk, liquidity risk, price risk and foreign exchange risk, with the risk management methods. These risks should be acknowledged, attended to and controlled by banking establishments in a cautious approach according to the elementary attributes and challenges of online banking services. These attributes consist of the unique pace of change associated to hi-tech and client service improvement, the ever-present and global character of open electronic networks, the incorporation of online banking applications with heritage computer systems and the greater than ever reliance of banks on third parties that make available the required information technology. While not creating innately most modern risks, these attributes amplified and modified some of the traditional risks connected with banking activities, particularly strategic, operational, legal and reputational risks, in so doing influencing the general risk outline of banking. Due to these conclusions, accessible risk management principles stay appropriate for online banking activities and such principles ought to be personalized, adapted and, in some cases, expanded to deal with the precise risk management challenges fashioned by the attributes of online banking activities. These “Risk Management Principles” are not present as total prerequisites. Implementing comprehensive risk management prerequisites in the region of online banking may be counter-productive, if only for the reason that these would be likely to grow to be swiftly outmoded because of the pace of change associated to hi-tech and client service upgrading. Nevertheless, some concerns, such as the organization of outsourcing relationships, security controls and legal and reputational risk management, necessitate more comprehensive values than those articulated to date owing to the distinctive attributes and repercussions of the internet allotment channel.
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