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OPEN FORUM: The End of National Models? Integration Courses and Citizenship Trajectories in Europe

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Author(s): Dirk Jacobs | Andrea Rea

Journal: International Journal of Multicultural Societies
ISSN 1817-4574

Volume: 9;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 264;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: Citizenship tests | migration | naturalisation | integration policies

ABSTRACT
Several European countries have recently introduced, or are planningto introduce, citizenship trajectories (voluntary or obligatoryinclusion programmes for recent immigrants) or citizen integrationtests (tests one should pass to be able to acquire permanent residence or state citizenship). Authors such as Joppke claim that this is an articulation of a more general shift towards the logic of assimilation (and away from a multicultural agenda) in integration policy paradigms of European states. Integration policies would even be converging in such a fashion that it would no longer make sense tothink in terms of national models for immigrant integration. Theempirical fact of diffusion of civic integration policies throughoutEurope cannot be denied. This paper claims that there is, however,still sufficient distinctiveness between immigrant integration policies in order to continue and use an analytical framework thatdistinguishes national models.

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