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OpenGIS System to Monitor the Impact of Spatial Planning Policies

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Author(s): ANTONIO TACHE

Journal: Romanian Review of Regional Studies
ISSN 1841-1576

Volume: IV;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 37;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: Spatial planning | Instruments and techniques | Spatial scenarios | Territorial impact of policies and strategies | Creation of geo-referenced data and metadata bases and mathematical models | Spatial scenarios

ABSTRACT
Based on the studies of European experience in spatial planning (policies, strategies, indicators), the project aims to create two databases for Romania, one at region level and one at the level of the administrative-territorial unit, in OpenGIS system using adequate indicators allowing for the identification and measurement of socio-economic development trends in a spatial context. To achieve this, competent studies will look at the differences between the European territorial indicators (EUROSTAT, ESPON) and the national ones, level NUTS II, or NUTS V. Following the identification of the two sets of territorial indicators, the structure of alphanumeric databases will be conceived in GIS. Concomitantly with the NUTS V digital map of Romania, alphanumeric databases will be fed with statistical data according to proposed territorial indicators schemes. Proposed model will be tested on territorial analyses by groups of indicators. The novelty consists in the spatial planning approach based on the conjunction between GIS and mathematical methods of evaluation and prognosis, the transposition of the mathematical method in a TurboC++ program, and the integration in the proposed system. Based on the results, NUTS II and NUTS V territorial indicators will be classified in groups, in charts and maps underlining socio-economic development disparities at national level. The GISTEREG project is conceived to be integrated into the OpenGIS database proposed by ESPON, aiming at a fast quantification of European regional policies. This is why the structure of the database will be conceived in accordance with EUROSTAT, level NUTS V, and ESPON and the Regional Operational Program – Priority Axis VI, level NUTS II. The proposed GISTEREG model, due to the mathematical component integrated into the system will be able to diagnose the main existing challenges and forecast the development of regions and zones within Romania. Databases obtained and presented in OpenGIS and mathematical instruments will provide a scientific method that could help identifying the underdeveloped areas requiring priority interventions based on European funds. Also, based on the experience of the purposed Consortium, punctual solutions will be recommended for a balanced development of the national territory.
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