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Optimization of a protocol for the micropropagation of pineapple

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Author(s): ALMEIDA WELITON ANTONIO BASTOS DE | SANTANA GESSIONEI SILVA | RODRIGUEZ ADRIANA PINHEIRO MARTINELI | COSTA MARIA ANGÉLICA PEREIRA DE CARVALHO

Journal: Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura
ISSN 0100-2945

Volume: 24;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 296;
Date: 2002;
Original page

Keywords: Ananas comosus | tissue culture | in vitro culture | in vitro clonal propagation

ABSTRACT
The present work aimed at maximizing the number of plantlets obtained by the micropropagation of pineapple (Ananas comosus (L.) Merrill) cv. Pérola. Changes in benzylaminopurine (BAP) concentration, type of medium (liquid or solidified) and the type of explant in the proliferation phase were evaluated. Slips were used as the explant source, which consisted of axillary buds obtained after careful excision of the leaves. A Sterilization was done in the hood with ethanol (70%), for three minutes, followed by calcium hypochlorite (2%), for fifteen minutes, and three washes in sterile water. The explants were introduced in MS medium supplemented with 2mg L-1 BAP and maintained in a growth room at a 16h photoperiod (40 mmol.m-2.s-1), 27 ± 2ºC. After eight weeks, cultures were subcultured for multiplication in MS medium. The following treatments were tested: liquid x solidified medium with different BAP concentrations (0.0, 1.5 or 3.0 mg L-1), and the longitudinal cut, or not, of the shoot bud used as explant. The results showed that liquid medium supplemented with BAP at 1.5 mg L-1, associated with the longitudinal sectioning of the shoot bud used as explant presented the best results, maximizing shoot proliferation. On average, the best treatment would allow for an estimated production of 161,080 plantlets by the micropropagation of the axillary buds of one plant with eight slips and ten buds/slips, within a period of eight months.
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