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Organizational Determinants of Workplace Deviant Behaviours: An Empirical Analysis in Nigeria

Author(s): Bamikole. O. Fagbohungbe | Gabriel A. Akinbode | Folusho Ayodeji

Journal: International Journal of Business and Management
ISSN 1833-3850

Volume: 7;
Issue: 5;
Date: 2012;
Original page

This study examines the relationship between employee’s organizational reactions and deviant behaviours in theworkplace. Drawing on the organizational climate and workplace deviance literatures, we hypothesize thatdeviant workplace behaviours of males will be significantly different from that of their female counterpart.Likewise, that there will be a significant positive relationship between employees organisational reactions andvarious facets of deviant behaviour in the workplace. The study was anchored on Affective Events Theory,Agency Theory and Robinson & Bennett Typology of Deviance behaviour Theory. Six hundred and ninety sixemployees completed the surveys. The results supported our hypotheses. First, male participants weresignificantly different from their female counterparts on production deviance, personal aggression, politicaldeviance and property deviance respectively. Specifically, production deviance, personal aggression and politicaldeviance were higher among females than males. Second, multiple regression analysis revealed thatorganisational reaction variables (supervision, company identification, kinds of work, amount of work,co-workers, physical work conditions and financial rewards) are significant predictors of different facets ofworkplace deviant behaviours among workers. Finally, mean deviant behaviours of males at both controlledwork environment and less controlled work environment was higher and significantly different from that of theirfemale counterparts. Interaction between gender and work environment control was not significant as expected.The results were discussed in the light of extant literature on deviant workplace behavior, and implications formanagement practices.
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