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Organizational justice and responsiveness in selected private and public hospitals of Isfahan, Iran

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Author(s): Marzieh Javadi | Saeed Karimi | Maryam Yaghoubi | Maryam Kadkhodaie

Journal: Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research
ISSN 1735-7586

Volume: 9;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 11;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Patient | Hospital | Responsiveness | Organizational justice

ABSTRACT
Background and Aim: Responsiveness is of extreme importance in every health system, especially for policy-makers and health managers. Responsiveness relates to how the health system responds to legitimate expectations of the patients regarding non-clinical aspects of health care. Furthermore, justice in an organization requires fair treatment of the patients on the part of the health personnel. In other words, organizational justice relates to how to treat the personnel so that they feel they are treated fairly. The objective of this study was to investigate the responsiveness of hospital as perceived by patients and nurses and the relationship between the responsiveness rate and organizational justice as perceived by nurses in the hospitals. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive-analytical study aiming at determining the correlation between responsiveness and organizational justice in 8 elected hospitals (4 private and 4 public) in Isfahan, Iran. The study population was patients and nurses. A total of 320 individuals (160 patients and 160 nurses), selected by stratified random sampling, participated in this study. Two questionnaires, namely the adjusted WHO Responsiveness Questionnaire (for patients and nurses) and the Equity Questionnaire (for nurses), the validity and reliability of both of which had been determined, were used to collect data. The software used for data analysis was SPSS Results: The overall score (out of 4) of organizational justice was 1.9 0.77, while the mean score of responsiveness as perceived by the nurses and the patients was 2.32 0.54 and 2.48  0.58, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups with regard to responsiveness, but there was a positive association between responsiveness and organizational justice as perceived by nurses (r = 0.2, p = 0.03). Conclusion: The variables in the hospitals studied are generally at an intermediate level and there are no statistically significant differences between private and public hospitals. There is no difference in organizational justice between private and public hospitals, but responsiveness is higher in private hospitals as compared to public ones. Thus, the public sector needs to attempt to create more incentives in health professionals in the health sector in order to guarantee higher-quality services and better responsiveness.

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