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Oronasal fistula in cleft palate surgery

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Author(s): Sadhu Partha

Journal: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery
ISSN 0970-0358

Volume: 42;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 123;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Cleft palate; Oronasal fistula; Palatal fistula

ABSTRACT
Oronasal fistula (ONF) is the commonest complication associated with cleft palate surgery. The main symptoms associated with ONF are nasal regurgitation of food matter and hypernasality of voice. Repair of cleft palate under tension is considered to be the main reason of ONF though vascular accidents and infection can also be the cause. Most of the ONFs are situated in the hard palate or at the junction of hard and soft palate. Repair of ONF depends on its site, size and mode of presentation. A whole spectrum of surgical procedures starting from small local flaps to microvascular tissue transfers have been employed for closure of ONF. Recurrence rate of ONF is 25% on an average after the first attempt of repair.
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