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An Outline of the Evolution of Rural Cultural Landscapes in Poland

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Author(s): KRZYSZTOF KORELESKI

Journal: Romanian Review of Regional Studies
ISSN 1841-1576

Volume: III;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 23;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: Rural landscapes in Poland | Evolution

ABSTRACT
The paper outlines the evolution of rural cultural landscapes in Poland against the background of landscape classification. It defines cultural landscape types and subtypes, based on several criteria of landscape classification, such as: genetic, morphological, functional, and economic. A review of rural landscapes, based on genetic criteria, considers the following historical periods: the primeval community, the feudalism, the manorial system, the industrial revolution, the interwar period of 1918 – 1939, the period of socialist economy, and market economy. The processes that most significantly influenced the contemporary shape of the rural landscape occurred just after the Second World War: urbanization and industrialization, settlement in western and northern territories, as well as structural and spatial transformations that took place after the year 1989 related to the promotion of sustainable and multifunctional development of rural areas.
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