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Overcoming Challenges of Renewable Energy on Future Smart Grid

Author(s): Olawole Joseph Petinrin | Mohamed Shaaban

ISSN 1693-6930

Volume: 10;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 229;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Power stability | Voltage stability | Renewable energy | Intermittent.

The increasing complexity of the conventional grid due to population growth, advancement in technology and infrastructures which contribute immensely to instability, insecurity, and inefficiency and environmental energy sustainability calls for the use of renewable energy for sustainability of power supply. Intermittency and fluctuation of the renewable energy is a great challenge on the smart grid. This paper reveal the potential challenges of renewable energy on the smart grid and proffer solution with the application of high voltage DC (HVDC) and Flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) devices. The functions and advantages of FACTS devices are presented in this paper. Voltage control and stability control with FACTS application are also discussed. This was achieved because FACTS has fast controllability and capability to exchange active and reactive power independently.
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