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An overview of the management practices and constrains at the dairy camps in Khartoum State, Sudan

Author(s): Ibtisam E. M El Zubeir | Ahmed, G. Mahala

Journal: Research Opinions in Animal & Veterinary Sciences
ISSN 2221-1896

Volume: 1;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 425;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Management | Husbandry | Constrains | Dairy Farms Camps | Khartoum State | Sudan

Management, husbandry and constrains facing dairy farms camps at Khartoum State, Sudan were compared from information that were collected by surveying hundred farms via questionnaire, visits and direct interview with farm owners. Higher illiteracy level (36%) was observed among dairy farms owners in the studied camps, moreover, 22% had informal education. Cows were found as the main milk producing animals and the predominant herds (60%) were cross dairy cows (Friesian and local herd). The data illustrated that herd health, trained labours and availability of feeds are the major problems facing dairy herd owners. Also lack of records and the channels of milk marketing were among the constraints facing those farms. The data revealed that the disease control was not satisfactory as most of the labours give the treatment without consultation of veterinarians. Hence the present study recommended the training of animal keepers and labours (formal and vocational) to increase awareness on house designing, rearing, management, feeding., milk collection points supported by cooling facilities, veterinary services and initiation of collaborative bodies (processing and marketing) are urgently needed.
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