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Oxidative Stress Induced Mechanisms in the Progression of Periodontal Diseases and Cancer: A Common Approach to Redox Homeostasis?

Author(s): Mena Soory

Journal: Cancers
ISSN 2072-6694

Volume: 2;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 670;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: oxidative stress | cancer | periodontal disease | inflammatory profile | antioxidants

There is documented evidence of significant associations between cancer of the lung, kidney, pancreas, hematological and oral cancers and periodontal diseases of the supporting structures of the teeth. Enhanced lipid peroxidation, raised levels of TBARS and the oxidative stress marker malondealdehyde have been detected in breast cancer with reduced antioxidant capacity, also characteristic of periodontal diseases. Antioxidants could overcome this deficit and attenuate disease progression by down regulating glutathione detoxification/redox buffering system and inhibiting key transcription factors. Periodontal disease may be a critical marker of a susceptible immune system, or initiate cancer risk with a pro-oxidant inflammatory profile.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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