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La palabra transgresiva y la otra vida: de la literatura al gesto cínico (entre Foucault y Raúl Gómez Jattin)

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Author(s): Carlos Manrique

Journal: Revista de Estudios Sociales
ISSN 0123-885X

Issue: 43;
Start page: 23;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Foucault | Subjectivation | Literature and Politics | The Cynics | Raúl Gómez Jattin | parrhesia.

ABSTRACT
This article reflects on the ethical-political summon that modulates Foucault's thoughts regarding the necessity to invent other ways of being, so as to reject the type of subjectivity that is imposed on us and the mechanisms of power to which we are thus subjected, from the perspective of the question: How can this invention and transformation of oneself come to happen in certain practices with language? Thus, the article focuses on two chronologically and analytically disperse instances in Foucault's work: on the one hand, his early reflection on the relation between madness and literary language, and on the other hand, his late reflection on the cynics' way of life in ancient Greece, and on the political dimension of the practice of a certain "truth-telling" (parrhesia) characteristic of the bios cynikus. From these two instances, the article seeks to highlight how in each case the notion of "ethical subjectivation" seems to become insufficient to take into account the ethical-political effects of these practices with language. And mobilizing the conceptual resources that are explored in this reading of some of Foucault's texts, the article seeks, as well, to reflect on the ethical-political effects of some acts of writing from the Colombian poet, Raúl Gómez Jattin.
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