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PARTICIPATORY DIAGNOSIS OF USE, SUPPLY AND DEMAND OF WOOD IN A ZOQUE COMMUNITY FROM THE CENTER OF CHIAPAS, MEXICO

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Author(s): María Consuelo Escobar Ocampo | José Ángel Niños Cruz | Neptalí Ramírez Marcial | Cristina Yépez Pacheco

Journal: Ra Ximhai
ISSN 1665-0441

Volume: 5;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 201;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: Forestry management | dendroenergetical plantations | forestry development | wood.

ABSTRACT
The study was performed in Ocuilapa de Juárez, under the initiative of a group of communal Zoque owners, which are members of the Sociedad Cooperativa de Transporte Ejidal Benito Juárez. The group focused on the wood production, that will allow to cover the local and external demand of this. To this end, the group agreed to establish dendroenergetic forest plantations under a management plan that allows its use in a short term. The project was designed in three stages: Stage I (diagnosis), II (implementation) and III (evaluation). The results that appear here constitute only the first stage. Data collection for the qualitative and quantitative characterization of the production processes, demand and supply of wood at local level was carried out using a variety of conventional participatory tools. The systems that contribute most frequently to collect wood were coffee (76%), the “acahual” and primary forest (55%) and pasture (40%). There were a total of 101 species used locally as wood, classified in 80 genera and 38 botanical families; of these, 95 species were prioritized based on criteria of wood quality, and 54 were referred into the surveys, resulting in the frequencies of preferred use. All households polled use wood (100%) and only 37% of them use gas. The domestic consumption of wood was 23.85 Kg•day-1•family-1 in dry weight, which is quite high compared to the average of the state. In 96% of the studied cases using the traditional open fire which has an efficiency of between 5 and 17%, making it necessary to adopt more efficient technologies for use as wood saving stoves. It is necessary to legalize the sale of wood for the purpose of managing for forest harvesting and marketing of this resource. Facing the current deficit in the local and regional demand for wood we are expected that the establishment of forest plantations can help meet the shortfall.
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