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Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) Based Turbine Control

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Author(s): Ali Tarique | Hossam A. Gabbar

Journal: Intelligent Control and Automation
ISSN 2153-0653

Volume: 04;
Issue: 02;
Start page: 126;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: PSO | PID Controller | GA | Optimization

ABSTRACT
The steam turbine control system is strongly non-linear in all operating conditions. Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controller that is currently used in control systems of many types of equipment is not considered highly precision for turbine speed control system. A fine tuning of the PID controller by some optimization technique is a desired objective to maintain the precise speed of the turbine in a wide range of operating conditions. This Paper evaluates the feasibility of the use of Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) method for determining the optimal Proportional-Integral-Derivative (PID) controller parameters for steam turbine control. The turbine speed control is modelled in SimulinkTM with PID controller and the PSO algorithm is implemented in MATLAB to optimize the PID function. The PSO optimization technique is also compared with Genetic Algorithm (GA) and it is validated that PSO based controller is more efficient in reducing the steady-states error; settling time, rise time, and overshoot limit in speed control of the steam turbine control.
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