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PARTICULARITIES AND THREATS ON THE BIODIVERSITY FROM CROATIA

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Author(s): Andreea BĂLTĂREŢU

Journal: Revista de Turism : Studii si Cercetari in Turism
ISSN 1844-2994

Volume: 10;
Issue: 10;
Start page: 42;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Natural protected area | Biodiversity | National park | Habitat | Endemic species

ABSTRACT
Because it has a specific geographic position and it’s situated at the crossroads of several bio-geographical regions and as a result of its ecological characteristics, the climate and geo-morphological conditions, Croatia is one of the wealthiest countries from Europe concerning the biodiversity. The great variety of the territory, maritime and underground habitats has determined the existence of numerous species and subspecies, including a significant number of endemic species. Although the climate of Croatia has a great value, many of its components are threatened. The most important threats of wild species are losing the habitats and the degradation. Because of its shape and its position in Europe, Croatia has very rich landscape diversity. Croatia contains significant populations of many species that are threatened at the European level. These are connected to preserved large areas of their habitats. Vast mountain beech and fir forests are rich in bear, wolf and lynx populations. Large wetland complexes with alluvial forests are important breeding, the migration and wintering sites for European water birds and for wetland birds nesting in forests. The wealth of marine biodiversity, in combination with the immense diversity of islands and cliffs with endemic life forms, gives the Croatian coastal area international significance.
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